Cultivating Confidence: Navigating and Overcoming Imposter Syndrome in the Modern Workplace

Imposter Syndrome is a pervasive phenomenon that affects individuals across various professional settings. It refers to the persistent feeling of inadequacy or the belief that one does not deserve success. 

This phenomenon can have profound implications for both employees and employers, affecting productivity, job satisfaction, and overall workplace culture. In this article, we will explore the concept of Imposter Syndrome, its prevalence in the workplace, and strategies for employers to address and mitigate its impact on their workforce.

Imposter syndrome

Defining Imposter Syndrome

Imposter Syndrome, also known as the Imposter Phenomenon, was first coined by psychologists Pauline Clance and Suzanne Imes in 1978. It is characterised by a pervasive and irrational fear of being exposed as a fraud despite evidence of one’s competence, accomplishments, and expertise. Individuals with Imposter Syndrome often attribute their success to external factors, such as luck, timing, or the mistakes of others, rather than acknowledging their own abilities and hard work.

Prevalence of Imposter Syndrome in the Workplace

A study published in Current Psychology (2020) found that employees with impostor syndrome are more likely to exhibit perfectionistic tendencies, continually doubt their work, overwork leading to burnout, avoid challenges and generally find it very difficult to accept praise. Some contributing factors to the prevalence of Imposter Syndrome in the workplace include:

  1. Stereotype Threat: Stereotype threat occurs when individuals fear conforming to negative stereotypes associated with their identity group. For example, women in male-dominated fields may feel a heightened sense of impostorism due to the stereotypes about women’s competence in those areas.
  2. Perfectionism: Individuals who set unattainable standards for themselves are more likely to experience Imposter Syndrome. These individuals often believe that any mistake or imperfection is a sign of their incompetence.
  3. Competitive Environments: Highly competitive workplaces can exacerbate Imposter Syndrome as individuals feel constant pressure to perform at their best.
  4. Lack of Representation: In workplaces with a lack of diversity, employees from underrepresented groups may experience a heightened sense of impostorism due to the feeling of not belonging.

The Consequences of Imposter Syndrome in the Workplace

Ocampo’s research published in the Journal of Organisational Behaviour shed light on the consequences of Imposter Syndrome in the workplace. The study identifies a direct correlation between Imposter Syndrome and reduced productivity, diminished job satisfaction, stifled creativity, and a higher turnover rate. Understanding these consequences is crucial for employers seeking to create a supportive and flourishing work environment.

  1. Reduced Productivity: Employees with Imposter Syndrome may overwork themselves to prove their worth, leading to burnout and decreased productivity.
  2. Diminished Job Satisfaction: The constant self-doubt and fear of being discovered can make work less enjoyable, affecting an individual’s overall job satisfaction.
  3. Stifled Creativity: The fear of failure can hinder employees from taking risks, sharing innovative ideas, and contributing their full potential to the organisation.
  4. High Turnover: Employees experiencing Imposter Syndrome may seek job opportunities elsewhere due to not feeling good enough for their current organisation.

Addressing Imposter Syndrome in the Workplace

Employers play a crucial role in addressing Imposter Syndrome within their organisations. Here are some strategies that can help mitigate its impact:

  1. Open and Supportive Communication: Fostering an open dialogue about Imposter Syndrome can help employees feel more comfortable discussing their feelings and seeking support. Regular check-ins with managers can provide a platform for employees to express their concerns.
  2. Training and Education: Employers can offer training sessions and workshops on Imposter Syndrome, its causes, and strategies to overcome it. This can help employees recognise and manage their impostor feelings. We host a masterclass to address just this issue. Please message us here at HumanOS if this is something you are interested in
  3. Encourage a Growth Mindset: Promote a culture that values learning, growth, and resilience. Encourage employees to view challenges as opportunities for development rather than as potential failures and to set achievable goals to help them understand that perfection is not the goal. It is important to encourage employees to reflect on their accomplishments, record their achievements, and track their progress to help them gain perspective on their capabilities.
  4. Mentorship and Sponsorship: research in mentorship and sponsorship dynamics, published in the Harvard Business Review, suggests that pairing employees with mentors or sponsors who can provide guidance and support significantly contributes to overcoming Imposter Syndrome. These relationships provide guidance, support, and real-world perspectives that help individuals navigate their professional journey with confidence.
  5. Recognise and Celebrate Achievements: Using constructive feedback to recognise their contributions can boost their self-esteem and sense of competence. Acknowledging that making mistakes is part of the learning process can be especially helpful.
  6. Diverse and Inclusive Workplaces: Create a diverse and inclusive work environment where all employees feel a sense of belonging. Representation matters, and diverse teams can help mitigate feelings of Imposter Syndrome.

Imposter Syndrome is a prevalent issue that can significantly impact both employees and employers in the workplace. Recognising the signs and addressing this phenomenon through open communication, training, mentorship, and diversity and inclusion efforts can lead to a healthier and more productive work environment. By taking proactive steps to support employees and foster a positive workplace culture, organisations can help individuals overcome Imposter Syndrome and thrive in their careers.

If you are a HumanOS user and relate to this article either as an individual struggling with imposter syndrome or would like to speak to us further please contact Olivia Muir on the HumanOS platform.

Olivia, HumanOS Psychological Therapist


Pannhausen, S., Klug, K. and Rohrmann, S., 2020. Never good enough: The relation between the impostor phenomenon and multidimensional perfectionism. Current Psychology, pp.1-14.

Ocampo, A.C.G., Wang, L., Kiazad, K., Restubog, S.L.D. and Ashkanasy, N.M., 2020. The relentless pursuit of perfectionism: A review of perfectionism in the workplace and an agenda for future research. Journal of Organizational Behavior41(2), pp.144-168.